Lake Titicaca

GOOD TIME TO VISIT: April to September

As tranquil as La Paz is bustling, Lake Titicaca is a serene scene of sapphire waters laced in fascinating Incan tradition. A must-see on a Bolivia tour. This immense lake was once revered as a powerful female deity in Incan belief that controlled climate and rainfall.

The largest high-altitude lake in the world, Lake Titicaca is a vast lake of 9000 square km boarding Bolivia and Peru. While Peru’s side boasts the Uros Islands – ancient man-made floating islands – Bolivia’s side is blessed with the sacred sites of Isla del Sol (Island of the Sun) and Isla de la Luna (Island of the Moon). Isla del Sol was believed by the Inca to be the birthplace of the Sun, while Isla de la Luna was the birthplace of the Moon. Travellers can take a boat trip to the islands and see the ancient Incan temples, as well as the modern restaurants and hotels.

Lake Titicaca’s south banks boast the ancient site of Tiwanaka. Once the capital of the Tiwanaka Empire, these ruins are over three thousand years old and make an ideal daytrip from La Paz. Tiwanaka is brimming with vast red sandstone temples, tombs, monoliths, aqueducts, and many structures still under excavation. The most impressive of Tiwanaka’s structures is the Akapana. A stepped, vast pyramidal structure, the Akapana is believed to have been once used for human sacrifice.