Uyuni Salt Flats
Covering over 10,500 square km, the Salt Flats Boliva are the world’s largest salt flat, and a spectacular sight to behold. During Dry Season – April to October – the Salt Flats Bolivia are a dazzlingly white stretch of mineral terrain reaching beyond the horizon. During Rainy Season – November to March – this colossal salt flat is often covered in shallow pools of water which act like mirrors reflecting the sky above. Travellers have often described the experience of driving across this stunningly surreal landscape as feeling as if they are floating through the clouds..
The Salt Flats Bolivia were once part of a vast ancient lake – Lago Tauca – which until 12,000 years ago, covered the southern Altiplano. The salt flats were formed when the last waters of Lago Tauca evaporated, leaving behind salt deposits that had been leached into the lake from the neighbouring mountains. The result was Salar de Uyuni, one of Bolivia’s most extraordinary attractions and should not be missed when you come on a Bolivia tour.
Despite its harsh terrain, Salar de Uyuni is home to three species of flamingos. The breeding season – November – is an ideal time for nature lovers to visit when the area is speckled pink with these charismatic birds. Most travellers however, tend to visit from June to October when the weather is milder.
Centred in the salt flats are Isla Pescador and Isla Incahuasi, two red volcanic oases covered in soaring cacti. The area also boasts the Tunupa Volcano trail – perfect for avid hikers – and a petrified forest. Uyuni is the usual base for exploring the salt flats, although the town itself possesses few sources of entertainment. Just outside the city however you will find a fascinating graveyard of abandoned locomotives and transport cars, leftovers from the area’s booming mining days.